Before Your Visit

There’s plenty to do in the adventurer’s utopia otherwise known as Egypt, from archeological indulgence to sun-kissed leisure. Thankfully, Egypt’s highly functional transportation network is guaranteed to take you where you need to be and enrich your travel experience.

By Air

Air travel is at the center of it all for those who are looking to save time with a teeming itinerary. 45 minute domestic flights connect the majority of the country’s main attractions, from temples to resorts. The extensive list of airports includes Cairo International, Abu Simbel, Alexandria, Aswan, El Gouna, Hurghada, Luxor, Marsa Alam, Marsa Matrouh, Port Said, Sharm el Sheikh, and St. Catherine.
There are also plenty of options if you prefer the scenic route, some of which are for the less timid traveler.

By Railway

Covering a more limited network from Cairo to Alexandria, the Delta and the Canal Zone, along the coast to Marsa Matrouh and up the Nile Valley to Luxor and Aswan, Egypt’s air-conditioned trains are great for the long haul, providing a comfier alternative to travelling by road. Schedules and fares are posted on the Egyptian Railways website (, where you can also buy tickets online. The most comfortable option is first class, with waiter service, reclining armchairs and on-board movies. Seats are reserve-able up to seven days in advance, but you should be wary that return tickets can’t necessarily be booked at the point of origin. If you’re looking for absolute luxury, then opt for the more expensive sleeper cars. Passengers get a comfortable two-bed cabin with a sink, plus breakfast and dinner, and access to a dining car and a bar.
By Bus
For those who prefer to traverse via asphalt, Egypt’s three main bus companies, all based in Cairo, provide another alternative. The Upper Egypt Bus Company, which travels to Nile Valley, Fayoum, inner oases and the Red Sea Coast down to El-Quseir, the East Delta Bus Company, which travels to Sinai and the Canal Zone, and the West and Middle Delta Bus Company, which travels to Alexandria, Marsa Matrouh, Siwa and the Nile Delta. Other key routes including Cairo to Alexandria, Sharm el-Sheikh, Hurghada, Dahab and El Gouna are also covered by independent bus companies.

By Service Taxis

Collective service taxis (servees) are one of the best features of Egyptian transport. Operating on every route imaginable, these taxis are faster and cheaper than trains and buses, but are definitely for the more experienced traveler. The taxis are either seven-seater saloons or microbuses seating a dozen. Ask around in the terminal or listen for drivers shouting out your desired destination. As soon as its full, the taxi sets off. Although it can be used for long journeys, such as from Cairo to Alexandria, this mode of transportation is best for shorter distances, especially between beach towns or to major attractions outside of Cairo.

By car

Driving in Egypt is not for the faint-hearted motorist, but renting a car pays obvious dividends if time is a factor or if you’re looking to visit more remote areas. And it’s not much more expensive to hire a car and driver if getting behind the wheel is not your cup of tea.
Motorbikes and Bicycles
A great way of getting around small towns and reaching local sights or beaches, motorcycles or bicycles can be rented in many locations including Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada, and Siwa Oasis to add that zest to your holiday experience.
By Boat
Hundreds of steamers operate along the Nile, with over two hundred in Upper Egypt alone. Most sail from Luxor to Aswan (or the other way) on a three- to five-day trip that stops at the temples of Esna, Edfu and Kom Ombo. These luxurious, floating giants will forever change your outlook on travel.
Feluccas, or small sail boats, also serve as transportation. This crowd favorite allows you to experience the changing moods of the Nile while lolling in blissful indolence. Many visitors opt for a felucca cruise between Aswan and Luxor.
Additionally, local ferries cross the Nile and Suez Canal at various points. There are fast and slow ferries from Nuweiba in Sinai to Aqaba in Jordan. There is also a sporadic and slightly less reliable boat service from Aswan to Wadi Halfa in Sudan.

City transport

The less populated locales in Egypt are usually easily covered on foot. In larger cities, however, local transport is useful. Learn to recognize Arabic numerals to take full advantage of the cheap buses, minibuses and trams that cover most of Alexandria and Cairo, which also have river taxis and an excellent metro/subway system.

Egypt’s kingly selection of thrill imbued enterprises has an equally splendid variety of transportation options that cater to each and every traveler. Whether you want see it from above the clouds or from the vantage point of a hitchhiker, there are as many ways to discover Egypt as your creativity will allow.

We love welcoming people from around the world, which is why we’re always on a mission to make visitors’ entry to Egypt as easy as possible. Over 180 nationalities qualify for getting a visa upon entry provided the passport holder has a valid and used visa for the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Schengen Area (Schengen visa), Japan, Canada, Australia, or New Zealand. Additionally, 78 nationalities qualify for visa on entry or an electronic visa. You can check the full list of eligible countries and apply and pay for your visa online using Egypt’s online application portal, Egypt Visa, or get your visa upon arrival for 25 USD from the bank counter in the passport control area at the airport. A discount of 10 USD is available for tourists arriving at Luxor or Aswan airports during the months of June, July, and August.


Egypt’s national currency is the Egyptian Pound, which comes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 pound (geneh) notes. The smaller denominations, both in coin and paper form, are 25 and 50 Piasters (ersh), with 100 Piasters to every 1 Egyptian Pound.

The currency depicts the country’s ancient and very rich heritage, including Ramses II on the 50 Piaster note and the temples of Abu Simbel on the 1 Pound note.

Currency is readily available throughout the country with currency exchanges in just about every hotel and airport, as well as banks that can be easily navigated to using a simple Google search.

There is a foreign currency limit of approximately $10,000 (or its equivalent) and a local currency limit of 5,000 Egyptian Pounds that can be brought in or taken out of the country.


Upon entering the Arab Republic of Egypt, travelers should be aware of the following:

  • Each traveler can only have a maximum of one liter of alcoholic drinks and 200 cigarettes, 25 cigars, or 200 grams of Tobacco.
  • Goods not exceeding more than $200 from the duty-free shops within one month of arrival may be exempted from customs along with all personal effects, as long as it is for personal use.
  • All firearms, including sporting guns, narcotics, drugs, cotton, and poultry are prohibited
  • Precious items purchased in Egypt, such as Gold and Silver, can only be exported in small quantities if it is clear it is for personal use.
  • Certified government health certificates are required in the event a traveler is accompanied by their pet, and is open to additional inspection by local veterinarians.